Lu Je-hwa, a professor at Beijing University, said in an interview with the Beijing Daily, "If the three northeastern provinces lift the birth control, there will be a pilot effect, but the actual meaning will not be significant." "Encouraging childbirth is more difficult than containing it," Lu said. "We will need various policies, including the payment of childbirth allowances, tax cuts, and the extension of retirement age," he said. "We are at an important point in adjusting the birth policy." In October last year, the Communist Party of China held the 5th plenary session of the 19th Central Committee and said it would lower the burden of childbirth, child rearing and education, emphasizing "strengthening the inclusion of childbirth and parenting policies are noteworthy.